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THE CREW                                       75

The number of crew and amount of wages is inserted in
the articles, such wages being paid according to scale fees.

The date of commencement of work, and provisions ^
supplied and the regulations regarding fines imposed arfc * ".
also inserted.                                                             ;, ,.

To fine seamen for breaches of peace or failure of duty
has been substituted for corporal punishment, and tla^
seaman is more inclined to carry out his duties if he
that a breach of these duties may result in a financial
to himself.                                                                     "

A seaman on signing articles may leave a proportion
of his wages to his own account with a savings bank, or to
his wife, father, mother, grandmother, grandfather, child,
grandchild, brother, or sister. No other person is entitled
to receive an allotment.

Abuse and trading on this allotment of the seaman's
wages led to these stipulations, and it is in the interests of
all seamen that such persons shall be only those mentioned
above. In the case of wives, the production of a marriage
certificate is satisfactory evidence for the payment of such
allotment. Allotments are payable either monthly or half-
monthly from the time when wages are earned until the
voyage is terminated, but allotments cease when a seaman
deserts or leaves his ship.

A seaman may also obtain an advance note when he
signs the articles. This is an advance of wages, chiefly for
the purpose of providing him with money to purchase
necessaries for the voyage in prospect. An advance note
may be considered to be a cheque, and is usually cashed by
the seaman at an accredited marine store dealer's in ex-
change for goods, and the balance of cash. After the steamer
has sailed, the advance note is presented at the offices of
the shipping company for payment, and payment is madeó
but only provided the seaman has reported for duty and
sailed with the vessel.

The seaman has a maritime lien on the ship for the pay-
ment of wages. This lien, however, does not extend to the
cargo.                                              - _